The conquest was established by one of the Umayyad Caliphate, Al-Walid I. A new Umayyad Caliphate was formed thereby in 684. It succeeded the Rashidun Caliphate when Muawiyah I became Caliph after the First Muslim Civil War. A timeline of Umayyad Caliphate events. Rashidun Caliphate Timeline Timeline Description: The Rashidun Caliphate (632 - 661), which … Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad The Umayyad Caliphate was on the brink of collapse during the reign of the caliph Yazid II up to the short-lived rule of Ibrahim. Islam Timeline Timeline Description: Islam is a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Qu'ran, which followers believe to be the verbatim word of God delivered by the last prophet, Muhammad.

Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680.

Throughout the Umayyad and the early Abassid period, the Kharjite movement was the center of almost all the opposition to these two caliphate dynasties. Umayyad dynasty, the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate (661–750). The Umayyad Caliphate became one of the largest unitary states in history and one of the few states to ever extend direct rule over three continents.

After the Umayyad Empire fell, some of the Umayyad people migrated to Andalus and form a small goverment. There are still Kharjites around today, mainly in North Africa and southern Arabia, but they were the most significant oppositional group in early Islam.

It is the fifth largest empire in history.. It was the largest empire in the world at the time. From a conquest of the new land, it became a new territory of the Umayyad Empire and was named Al-Andalus. Major Caliphates. The capital of the Empire is Damascus. With the end of the Umayyad dynasty a new Muslim elite of Persian and then Turkish origins emerged under the Abbasid empire. Marwan ibn al- Hakam won the clash who was supported by the Kalbites and became the caliph of the new Umayyad Dynasty. Husayn's death marks the start of the second civil war of Islamic history (Second Fitna).

At its peak, it was one of the largest empires in the history of the world. The caliphate was founded and led by the Umayyads, a Meccan family.

Abd-ar-Rahman III declares himself Caliph of Cordoba. At the time, the Umayyad Caliphate was the largest Empire the world had seen. The Umayyad Caliphate (Arabic: ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة ‎, trans.

The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four major Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.. Umayyad caliphate meets its end when the Abbasids form a rebellion, kill the royal family, and As-Saffah becomes the first Abbasid Caliph You might like: Historia de la Innovación Social en Colombia

There are two denominations of Muslims: the majority, the Sunni, and the minority, the Shia.