It is often characterised by gestural brush-strokes or mark-making, and the impression of spontaneity
Abstract Expressionism, sometimes called The New York School, originated in New York’s Greenwich Village in the mid forties.The term was first coined by art critic Robert Coates in 1946. In this view the painting is a record of the artist's activities over time. Abstract Expressionism is also referred to as gestural abstraction because its brush strokes revealed the artist's process. Abstract art is about exploring form and color.
This process is the subject of the art itself. Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s.
Expressionistic art uses vivid colors, distortion, two-dimensional subjects that lack perspective. Abstract art was created at the cusp of the 20th century. Abstract Expressionism, broad movement in American painting that became a dominant trend in Western painting during the 1950s. Abstract expressionism definition, a movement in experimental, nonrepresentational painting originating in the U.S. in the 1940s, with sources in earlier movements, and embracing many individual styles marked in common by freedom of technique, a preference for dramatically large canvases, and a desire to give spontaneous expression to the unconscious.
Up until this period most American artists were influenced by art movements in Europe. But in reality, abstract art covers other art movements and all sorts of different types of abstract art as well: neo-Dada, fluxus, happening, conceptual art, neo-expressionism, installation, performance, video and pop art – all these important art movements have characteristics of abstract art. Abstract Expressionism.
Abstraction itself was nothing new—modernist painters had been regulating the viewer's eye to obscured images and distorted objects for quite some time.
For this reason, he referred to this movement as Action Painting.
(Image: Roy Lichtenstein, Popeye, 1961).
As a reaction against Impressionism and academic art, Expressionism refers to art in which the representation of reality is not objective but distorted in order to express the inner feelings of the artist. As Harold Rosenberg explained: the work of art becomes an "event." A bold reaction against Abstract Expressionism, Pop art became a dominant form of artistic expression in America throughout the 1960s and into the 1970s. Existentialism's focus on individual experience made it a perfect tool with which to interpret much post-war abstract art. Shortly thereafter, Pop art exploded in America in full, witty color. It proved particularly useful to discuss Art Informel , the highly expressive and individualistic abstract art that flourished in Europe after the late 1940s. Action Painting was a term coined by art critic Harold Rosenberg to refer to the gestural and somewhat existential mode of Abstract Expressionism, often characterized by drips, flung paint, and rapid, spontaneous strokes by the artist.