Types of data affect the execution of Six Sigma Measure phase. Discrete mathematics is the study of mathematical structures that are fundamentally discrete rather than continuous.In contrast to real numbers that have the property of varying "smoothly", the objects studied in discrete mathematics – such as integers, graphs, and statements in logic – do not vary smoothly in this way, but have distinct, separated values. Discrete Data can only take certain values Data can be collected in many ways. Discrete data only includes values that can only be counted in integers or whole numbers. So they cannot be broken down into decimal or fraction. Discrete data. Discrete data is based on counts. In the Six Sigma measure phase of the DMAIC process, before doing actual data collection, the project team should consider some statistical techniques including types of data and sampling.This is because these statistical techniques and the types of data that will be collected will affect how the team goes about collecting the data. Discrete data is the type of quantitative data that relies on counts. It contains finite values, so subdivision isn’t possible. Contrast continuous data with discrete data where there are only a finite number of values possible or if there is a space on the number line between two possible values. For example, the number of parts damaged in shipment. Continuous data can be measured on a continuum. 5. The fewer data falls within the interval, the more spread the data is, as shown in figure . Only a finite number of values is possible, and the values cannot be subdivided meaningfully. Definition of Discrete Data. Notation of Distributions: Y – Actual outcome. So: stand near that road, and count the cars that pass by in 10 minutes. You want to find how many cars pass by a certain point on a road in a 10-minute interval. The simplest way is direct observation. Example: Counting Cars. As we mentioned above discrete and continuous data are the two key types of quantitative data. Think of it as being able to divide a measure by one half, and in half again, and in half again, - to infinity. If a random variable can take only finite set of values (Discrete Random Variable), then its probability distribution is called as Probability Mass Function or PMF.. Probability Distribution of discrete random variable is the list of values of different outcomes and their respective probabilities. In statistics, marketing research, and data science, many decisions depend on whether the basic data is discrete or continuous. The discrete values cannot be subdivided into parts. Discrete vs Continuous Data. Attribute data (aka discrete data) is data that can’t be broken down into a smaller unit and add additional meaning. Discrete data is a count that involves only integers. Customers in a shop (Discrete) Collecting. P(Y=y) – Probability distribution which is equal to p(y) Types of Probability Distribution Characteristics, Examples, & Graph Types of Probability Distributions Probability Distribution of Discrete and Continuous Random Variable. y – one of the possible outcomes . It is typically things counted in whole numbers.