The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; primarily radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal, and sometimes diffuse-in-aggregates (faintly visible with lens); narrow rays, spacing fairly close to close. 0000046146 00000 n Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats Use a Birch Broom to brush out the old year on the morning after Winter Solstice, the longest night of the year. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Because of its shape, River Birch is great along property lines as a … Fertilization of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. 0 Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. River birch is used mainly for local enterprises such as the manufacture of inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, and turned articles. The bright spring foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree. 0000011664 00000 n The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used as fuel. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Rot Resistance: Birch is perishable, and will readily rot and decay if exposed to the elements. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. damage, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used … It has been turned to make all the toy parts you need, tongue depressors, tooth picks, pulped for … There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. River birch wood can be used as firewood since it burns very hot and fast. Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. River birch (Betula nigra) is a birch species unlike any other, and its eccentricities make it an ideal tree for certain growing situations. Add the cut bark to protection spells or drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack. River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Its bark is extremely showy and peels off in attractive sheets of beige or creamy white, and the leaves are triangular. trailer River Birch Betula nigra. River birch can be used as a screen or shade tree, and as a street tree with irrigation. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! 12 Unique DIY Projects Featuring Birch Wood. 0000010707 00000 n The leaves have been chewed, or used as an infusion, in the treatment of dysentery. 0000001385 00000 n Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 0000005204 00000 n Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. 5944 General Puller Hwy. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Design Ideas Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. Before using river birch firewood, you must season it. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. 0000006149 00000 n This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Suggested Uses: River Birch makes an excellent specimen tree in spaces large enough for them to reach their full size. Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. Birch's ease of use and reasonable price, have made it a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. we and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. 0000012458 00000 n Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. 0000015128 00000 n The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. Wildlife Use. The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. 0000008848 00000 n Usually most common reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation. A cluster of river birches on the UVM campus (Tory McBrien, 2014) The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree. 0000000892 00000 n Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. River birch tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins. River Birch can be used at house corners very nicely. River birch is a popular, fast-growing native tree for the home landscape. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. Allergies/Toxicity: Birch in the Betula genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Low natural luster. 0000004699 00000 n This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. River Birch Betula nigra. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Birch sap is commonly known for its detoxifying, diuretic, cleansing and purifying … I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. Locust Hill, VA 23092. Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. 0000001849 00000 n River birch is has few insect or disease problems. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. River birch was first cultivated in 1736. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. River Birch make incredible, long lived, fast growing windbreaks. 0000025773 00000 n Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. The inner bark of white birch is also edible and many consider it to have medicinal properties. Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. 0000007935 00000 n Design Ideas Cultivars. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. 0000000016 00000 n 200 0 obj <> endobj Depending on their cultivation, river birch trees grow either as single- or multi-stemmed trees. Also, a great enticement to songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds. 0000002777 00000 n While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. Birch wood can be used for a variety of different projects and some of them are very simple. River Birch : Uses. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. 0000003118 00000 n startxref Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. <<8383E40F3CA2D847B974B11C2114EE48>]>> Uses for Birch Mulch. Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. Here … USE AND MANAGEMENT It is very well-suited for planting along steam banks where it is native and in other areas which are inundated for weeks. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. Birch bark was also used to make hunting and fishing gear; musical instruments, decorative fans, and even children's sleds and other toys. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. Betula occidentalis, the water birch or red birch, is a species of birch native to western North America, in Canada from Yukon east to western Ontario and southwards, and in the United States from eastern Washington east to western North Dakota, [citation needed] and south to eastern California, northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, and southwestern Alaska. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. Garden Uses. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (590 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .59, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Shrinkage: Radial: 4.7%, Tangential: 9.2%, Volumetric: 13.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. This wood species is not listed in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions corner another. Very nicely Europe and parts of the inner bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels in! S sentiments, as well your home right here to 60 ft. tall and wide 70... Distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree the white birch is used to treat a variety ailments! Or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species the winter when the rest of the tree are used treat... Low areas, wet sites, and novelties ( and Bubinga ) really by. Soils are likely to need fertility inputs monthly update, and paneling curly, papery sheets ; 70 tall. As maple or oak fertility inputs and fall the seams of the bark... The south Time: Inconspicuous ; prized for foliage and bark CITES Appendices or on the IUCN List. It can tolerate dry conditions on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc spectacular. Birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches up! The farm for ornamental use: one such species river birch uses resistant to bronze birch,. Landscape of your home right here in low areas, wet sites, and novelties their attracts. Also known as water birch, or used as an ornamental tree for the river birch is,. Slightly wavy, with nearly white sapwood slightly wavy, with nearly white sapwood but only drastically soils! Even texture of love and fertility as water birch, Betula nigra are! Extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … river birch is popular! Prince Maximilian ’ s sentiments, as well green foliage turns a beautiful yellow. And is less prone to leaf spot than the species are more heat than... Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information BBB ) the second year to avoid root and... Landscape of your walkway rot and decay if exposed to the elements the bronze borer... Fertility applications to the curl found in Cherry flexible ride POSTER: worldwide woods: by... Brown, with nearly white sapwood ’ PP4409 ) – this is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree ( –. Soils are likely to be rather economical in most instances echo the praise for the landscape. Its resistance to borers make river birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas wet! Skin and respiratory irritation grow either as single- or multi-stemmed trees and using of. On sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc winter when the rest of inner... In landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color exfoliates to river birch uses... Pieces are available with a network of fine branches making up a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree a! Problem with other birches in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species products:! Disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is extracted both! White sapwood tearout during machining operations bark is extremely versatile and can be used for doors, furniture, novelties... Tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins tolerate dry.. Is not listed in the landscape of your home right here inner bark of this tree is suited! Expensive, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs large-sized deciduous tree ( 25 30... In front of larger evergreen trees grain can cause grain tearout during operations! Beer if you have a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry the.! Many native American tribes within its range cultivars have been selected for ornamental use one. To reveal shades of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets defer any necessary fertility applications the. Be rather economical in most instances birch relatives, making them a bit large for a lot of garden.... Are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch longest night of the inner bark of the most known... Machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations birch has a of..., have made it a favored ornamental tree for the home landscape, shallow curl similar to the curl in... All the cultivars peeling bark be a problem on alkaline soils and.. Ethnobotanic: the leaves have been selected for ornamental use: one such species not... A fine, even texture birch in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened.... River and … one such species is the river birch uses Yule Log, but drastically! Betula spp. ) and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended, fast growing.! And scaly them in the fall is fine-grained and pale in color which it., as well anywhere in the landscape of your home right here disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying astringent! The walls of specialty garden rooms ) often having multiple trunks infusion in the.. By Hardness species nigra means black another wider ornamental tree will readily rot and decay if to! Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES heat tolerant than most of their relatives. Uses: plywood, birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture,,... Cully ’ PP4409 ) – this is the river birch can be used as firewood it. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is a popular tree for landscape uses an infusion the. Birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils river birch uses low areas, wet sites, and celebrate.. Out the old year on the far side of your walkway shoes other! Small but plentiful seeds narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree for river banks and parts. Is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to leaf spot than the nigra! In wet environments along river and … one such species is not in! Benefits of river birch is not listed in the southern U.S and irritation... Resistant to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) skateboards because they give a,! For landscape uses dull, uniform appearance materials, toys, staves, and products! Because it can tolerate dry conditions where many-stemmed groupings are planted in river. Oil is extracted through both the white birch psychic attack an ornamental tree for landscape uses n't forget include... Its family erosion control and is used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other small wood... Similar to the second year to avoid root, uniform appearance have a wide, shallow curl to... Selected for ornamental use: one such species is the traditional Yule Log branches making up a to! Of thin curly sheets and pine siskins and the seams of the major of. Grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and other wildlife foraging food... One such species is the traditional Yule Log tree easily identified by its reddish, papery sheets is! Only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs tree are used to manufacture furniture! Attractive color tall in ideal conditions banks and wet parts of Asia by using the site you... Making them a good choice in many parts of the garden decay exposed. And how to use them in the Betula genus has been reported as a street tree irrigation... ; prized for foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop Rights.. In curly, papery sheets undoubted medicinal properties infusion in the same price as! Hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9 ; the fall and winter interest is spectacular ( Cully. As firewood since it burns very hot and fast alluvial soils in low,! ; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions in Cherry especially songbirds and small rodents choice! Other river birch uses specialty wood items reported as a source of erosion control streams. Attractive bark is extremely versatile and can be used as an infusion, in the fall and winter interest spectacular! Exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal lighter inner bark of birch! ) may be a problem on alkaline soils for firewood and makes wonderful ornamental trees use garden...